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Zadar cultural gems, volume 1.

calendar iconJun 19, 2023

Nestled along the Adriatic coast of Croatia, the Zadar Archipelago is a breathtaking ensemble of picturesque islands, each possessing its own unique allure and history. With pristine beaches, lush greenery, and charming fishing villages, these islands showcase the region’s rich cultural legacy and enchanting natural beauty.

While the archipelago’s splendour is well-known and cherished, countless hidden treasures and local secrets remain to be explored. Join us on a captivating journey through the Zadar Archipelago as we uncover Zadar cultural gems and traditions that make this place truly extraordinary.

The Enigmatic Brakovi – Fishing Grounds

A lesser-known aspect of the archipelago is the presence of “brakovi,” underwater elevations on the seabed where fish congregate. These fishing grounds are vital for local fishermen whose livelihoods hinge on the thriving marine life in these areas. As tourists marvel at the stunning landscape above the water, the brakovi hold profound significance for the local people.

Talk to your local Zadar Archipelago tour guide and find out about Zadar cultural gems
Experienced fishermen approximately know the layout of the seabed just by observing the surrounding coastline

Before modern technology, fishermen depended on their experience and knowledge of the landscape to locate these brakovi. They used landmarks on land, such as hills and other natural formations, to triangulate the position of these fishing grounds. By aligning the angles of two or more landmarks, they could pinpoint the brakovi’s location and cast their nets accordingly.

To the casual observer, the sea may seem flat and unremarkable. However, a diverse and hilly underwater landscape lies beneath the surface, as vital to the local population’s livelihood as the land above, with the brakovi forming the lifeblood of the islands’ fishing industry.

Sunken Treasures: The St. Istvan Warship

Another enthralling tale from the Zadar Archipelago is that of the St. Istvan, a sunken warship resting a few miles off the island of Premuda. Launched in 1914, the St. Istvan was a formidable Austro-Hungarian dreadnought battleship that met its tragic end during World War I. On June 10, 1918, the ship was struck by two torpedoes, leading to its eventual sinking.

A person snorkeling above a shipwreck
Although this is not the ship in question, you could go snorkeling around a shipwreck on our Dugi Otok boat tour

Although the St. Istvan lies at a significant depth and is not directly on the popular Silba tour route, its proximity to the area makes it an intriguing point of interest for those exploring the Zadar Archipelago. The ship’s storied history and dramatic sinking remind us of the region’s strategic importance during wartime.

Adding to the St. Istvan’s allure is the fact that its sinking was captured on film, making it one of the few warships from that era with such documentation. The footage, recorded in 1917, offers a rare glimpse into the chaos and destruction that unfolded as the once-mighty vessel succumbed to the sea.

Exploring the Submarine Bunker on Dugi Otok

On the island of Dugi Otok, visitors can delve into a fascinating piece of history in the form of a submarine bunker. Originally built during World War II, the bunker was designed to hide torpedo boats from aerial attacks. Its strategic location allowed the boats to remain concealed while they prepared for missions and carried out crucial wartime operations.

A submarine bunker entrence
There are many submarine bunkers scattered all over the Croatian Adriatic sea

Today, the submarine bunker serves as a tourist attraction and a safe mooring spot for boats. The artificial cave offers visitors a unique glimpse into the island’s past, while also providing a convenient and protected anchorage for those exploring the Zadar cultural gems.

For those curious about the history and significance of these bunkers, a wealth of information can be found on online forums, such as paluba.info. Here, enthusiasts and historians alike discuss the intricacies of these military installations and their role in the region’s wartime past adds another layer to its rich history.

Enchanting Traditions of Preški Lancuni

Nestled in the town of Preko on the island of Ugljan, Preški Lancuni offers an alluring glimpse into the Zadar Archipelago’s distinctive customs and traditions. The half-day Molat tour allows visitors to delve into the unique culture of this charming island community.

Among the most fascinating traditions in Preški Lancuni is the practice of wearing sheets on Clean Wednesday before Easter. Termed “lancuni,” this ritual sees locals dressing in white sheets and parading through the streets at night, evoking a ghostly, mysterious ambience. The event’s origins remain elusive, adding to its enigmatic allure. If you want to know more about some Croatian Easter costumer, we suggest reading this Easter tradition guide for the Croatian coastline by SuperYachts Croatia.

The name “Preko” originates from the Croatian word for “across,” since the town is situated directly across from the city of Zadar. In Italian, the town is called “Oltre,” which also means “across” or “beyond.” This etymology highlights the town’s geographical connection to the mainland and offers insight into the region’s intertwined history.

Deciphering the Toponyms of the Zadar Islands

Toponyms, or place names, play a vital role in comprehending the history and cultural heritage of the Zadar Archipelago. These names often encapsulate stories and insights into the lives of those who inhabited these islands throughout the centuries. Examining toponyms enables us to appreciate the rich mosaic of human experiences that have shaped the archipelago.

A paper published in the Croatian scientific journal Hrčak provides valuable insights into the toponyms of the Zadar Islands. This research investigates the linguistic and cultural significance of these names, contributing to the unravelling of the region’s intricate history.

zadar sea organ
Listen the captivating sound of Zadar Sea Organ, photo credit to Turistička Zajednica Grada Zadra

Although many details can be found on websites like Wikipedia, maritime encyclopedias present a more thorough and nuanced understanding of the islands and their maritime past.

Although maritime encyclopedias, books, articles, and online resources can furnish valuable information on the Zadar Archipelago’s islands, only by delving into these sources, as well as into the local knowledge of your tour operators, can one attain a more comprehensive grasp of the region’s history, culture, and natural splendour.

Embrace the uniqueness of Zadar Cultural Gems

Our journey through the Zadar Archipelago has revealed numerous hidden gems and local secrets that contribute to the region’s singular charm. From the enigmatic brakovi sustaining the fishing industry to the sunken warship of St. Istvan and the submarine bunker on Dugi Otok, each tale adds depth to the archipelago’s vibrant history and culture.

A speedboat approaching the old core of Zadar city
Let your first visit to Zadar county be filled with fun and excitement, thanks to Zadar Archipelago speedboat tours

By shedding light on these lesser-known  Zadar cultural gems, we hope to inspire further exploration and appreciation for the local secrets that make these islands so enthralling. Whether you’re a visitor in search of new experiences or a local yearning to dig deeper into your home’s history, the Zadar Archipelago brims with intrigue and discovery. Here, echoes of the past blend seamlessly with the present’s beauty, creating an unforgettable experience for all who venture to its shores.

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Dugi Otoksubmarine bunkerssunken ships in zadarUgljan Islandzadarzadar archipelago